TOPPING D90SE / D90LE DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)


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Note: The D90SE and D90LE line has been discontinued. As an alternative, please explore the next-gen TOPPING D90 III DAC page.

The Best Got Better

Fans of the D90 will be thrilled to hear that the SE/LE retains many of its predecessor’s best features: full balance, Bluetooth 5.0 LDAC support, six inputs, and much more. But it’s got a few new tricks up its sleeve as well. With an ESS SABRE ES9038 PRO DAC chip and second-gen 16-core XMOS processor, it can decode DSD1024 (Native) and PCM 32-bit/768kHz. MQA now comes standard (SE version only).

Plunge into the ultimate hi-res experience

Plunge into 32-bit depth and DSD1024 for an unforgettable hi-res experience. Your favorite albums will reveal new details with the ESS SABRE ES9038PRO DAC chip. Each channel is arranged in parallel by 4 conventional balanced channels for maximum fidelity and accuracy. 

Bit-perfect audio transfer

Get bit-perfect audio playback without distortion or jitter. The XMOS 16-core XU216 microcontroller converts the highest quality digital files to analog voltage without the timing deviations that cause distortion. Plus, Asynchronous USB audio transfer and CPLD ensure jitter lower than -160dB. 

State-of-the-Art Bluetooth

Ditch the cables, not the quality. Get rich 24-bit Bluetooth 5.0 transmission with support of major lossless codecs: AAC, SBC, APTX, APTX LL, APTX HD, and LDAC. 

Multi-amp machine

Choose XLR only, RCA only, or XLR+RCA to run the signal to two different amps at once, such as a solid state and a tube amp. No more plugging and unplugging cables every time you want to switch from one amp to the other. 

Doubles as a preamp 

Use the D90SE/LE in “DAC + Preamplifier” mode and connect a power amplifier or monitor speakers. Control the output volume on the front panel or with the remote control. 

Six inputs increase your options

Connect all of your devices to the D90SE/LE via its six input interfaces: AES, Bluetooth, USB, Optical, Coax, and IIS. Stream Spotify or Apple Music from your phone using Bluetooth. Connect your computer or laptop via USB or IIS. Get more out of movie night by connecting your TV via IIS or optical. 

Fully-functional remote 

Use the D90SE/LE’s fully-functional remote to control the full range of settings and options from the comfort of your couch. Switch output modes, adjust the volume, change digital filters, and more. 

SE or LE?

The only difference between the D90SE and the D90LE is the ability to decode MQA, a lossy audio compression format popularized by Tidal. The D90SE has the ability to decode MQA, while the D90LE does not. Otherwise, the two DACs are identical.

Product highlights

  • ESS ES9038 PRO DAC chip
  • Hi-Res Audio and Hi-Res Audio Wireless certified
  • Bluetooth 5.0 support with LDAC transmission
  •  0.00005% THD+N
  • Max sampling rates: DSD1024 and PCM 32-bit/768kHz
  • MQA decoding with USB, coaxial, optical, and AES inputs (SE version only)
  • Selectable RCA & XLR outputs
  • 2nd generation 16-core XMOS XU216 processor
  • Plug-and-play compatibility with Windows 10 / Mac OSX / Linux / iOS / Android
  • Inputs: AES, Bluetooth, USB, Optical, Coaxial, IIS
  • Outputs: XLR, RCA
  • Customized Thesycon driver
  • Ultra low noise preamp
  • Remote control
  • 7 digital filters



  • PCM: 16-32bit / 44.1 - 768kHz
  • DSD (Native): DSD64 - DSD512
  • DSD (DoP): DSD64 - DSD256
  • MQA: Renderer, MQA, MQA Studio (SE version only)


  • PCM: 16 - 32bit / 44.1kHz - 768kHz
  • DSD (Native): DSD64 - DSD1024
  • DSD (DoP): DSD64 - DSD256
  • MQA: Not supported
  • Coax/ Opt/ AES IN
  • PCM: 16 - 24bit / 44.1kHz - 192kHz
  • DSD (Native): Not supported
  • DSD (DoP): DSD64
  • MQA: Renderer, MQA, MQA Studio

Bluetooth IN


Line out RCA decoding parameters (USB IN @96kHz)

  • THD+N@A-wt: <0.00007% @1kHz
  • THD@No-wt 90kBw: <0.0008% @20-20kHz
  • SNR@A-wt: 127dB @1kHz 
  • Dynamic range @A-wt: 127dB @1kHz 
  • Frequency response
    • 20Hz - 20kHz (±0.1dB)
    • 20Hz - 40kHz (±0.3dB)
  • Output level
    • 2.1Vrms @0dBFS (4V Mode)
    • 2.6Vrms @0dBFS (5V Mode)
  • Noise @A-wt: <1.3uVrms 
  • Crosstalk: -124dB @1kHz
  • Channel balance: 0.3dB
  • Output impedance: 100Ω

Line out XLR decoding parameters (USB IN @96kHz)

  • THD+N@A-wt: <0.00005% @1kHz
  • THD@No-wt 90kBw: <0.0003% @20-20kHz
  • SNR@A-wt: 134dB @1kHz 
  • Dynamic range @A-wt: 134dB @1kHz 
  • Frequency response
    • 20Hz - 20kHz (±0.1dB)
    • 20Hz - 40kHz (±0.3dB)
  • Output level
    • 4.2Vrms @0dBFS (4V Mode)
    • 5.2Vrms @0dBFS (5V Mode)
  • Noise @A-wt: <1.1uVrms 
  • Crosstalk: -139dB @1kHz
  • Channel balance: 0.3dB
  • Output impedance: 100Ω
  • 8.7 x 6.2 x 1.7” (22.2 x 16 x 4.5cm)

What’s included

  • D90SE or D90LE
  • Remote control
  • USB cable
  • AC cable
  • Bluetooth antenna
  • User manual
  • Warranty card

What pairs well

Featured Reviews

"One of the most detailed and transparent DACs I have had the pleasure of listening to." -SoundNews

"D90se - As good as it has ever has been." -Z Reviews

"Make no mistake, the TOPPING D90SE is very, very good." -Cheap Audio Man

"It might be the one."-Mark on HiFi

"The D90SE should absolutely be on your list." - Passion for Sound

Professional Product Review of TOPPING D90SE / D90LE DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter)

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TOPPING D90SE / D90LE DAC (Digital-to-Analog Converter) User Manual Download

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